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  UN in Belarus > Documents > UN Charter

UN Charter

Introductory Note
Chapter I: Purposes and Principles (Articles 1-2)
Chapter II: Membership (Articles 3-6)
Chapter III: Organs (Articles 7-8)
Chapter IV: The General Assembly (Articles 9-22)
Chapter V: The Security Council (Articles 23-32)
Chapter VI: Pacific Settlement of Disputes (Articles 33-38)
Chapter VII: Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression (Articles 39-51)
Chapter VIII: Regional Arrangements (Articles 52-54)
Chapter IX: International Economic and Social Cooperation (Articles 55-60)
Chapter X: The Economic and Social Council (Articles 61-72)
Chapter XI: Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories (Articles 73-74)
Chapter XII: International Trusteeship System (Articles 75-85)
Chapter XIII: The Trusteeship Council (Articles 86-91)
Chapter XIV: The International Court of Justice (Articles 92-96)
Chapter XV: The Secretariat (Articles 97-101)
Chapter XVI: Miscellaneous Provisions (Articles 102-105)
Chapter XVII: Transitional Security Arrangements
Chapter XVIII: Amendments (Articles 108-109)
Chapter XIX: Ratification and Signature (Articles 110-111)

Introductory Note

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

Amendments to Articles 23, 27 and 61 of the Charter were adopted by the General Assembly on 17 December 1963 and came into force on 31 August 1965. A further amendment to Article 61 was adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 1971, and came into force on 24 September 1973. An amendment to Article 109, adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 1965, came into force on 12 June 1968.

The amendment to Article 23 enlarges the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen. The amended Article 27 provides that decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members (formerly seven) and on all other matters by an affirmative vote of nine members (formerly seven), including the concurring votes of the five permanent members of the Security Council.

The amendment to Article 61, which entered into force on 31 August 1965, enlarged the membership of the Economic and Social Council from eighteen to twenty–seven. The subsequent amendment to that Article, which entered into force on 24 September 1973, further increased the membership of the Council from twenty–seven to fifty–four.

The amendment to Article 109, which relates to the first paragraph of that Article, provides that a General Conference of Member States for the purpose of reviewing the Charter may be held at a date and place to be fixed by a two–thirds vote of the members of the General Assembly and by a vote of any nine members (formerly seven) of the Security Council. Paragraph 3 of Article 109, which deals with the consideration of a possible review conference during the tenth regular session of the General Assembly, has been retained in its original form in its reference to a "vote, of any seven members of the Security Council", the paragraph having been acted upon in 1955 by the General Assembly, at its tenth regular session, and by the Security Council.

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